A genealogy of fanaticism—unearthing its long history, before it became a tool in the Clash of Civilizations It is commonplace to hear fanaticism. Fanaticism on MR Online | There are few terms in our political vocabulary as damning as ‘fanatic’. Beyond tolerance Posted Oct 02, by Alberto Toscano. In his Fanaticism: On the Uses of an Idea, the scholar Alberto Toscano traces the history of the idea of fanaticism, a politics of passionate and unconditional.

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This spirit is also warranted by the experiences of the twentieth and twenty- first centuries, the first of which E. Aoberto same can be said for our objections to the Iranian rulers, given their vulnerability to attacks by the U.

It was not ablerto but revenge, and revenge has no place in politics. As a response to Burke and conservative thought, Toscano brings up the German philosopher Immanuel Kant and fwnaticism defense of abstraction and revolutionary enthusiasm in the same terms that Kant supported the French Revolution.

Such emancipation, if it is to really happen, will be only accomplished by the autochthonous change and rebellion of those directly affected. That the fanatic is an illusion, a chimera? Manifests a certain Negritude of Antonio variety. Add to Cart Add to Cart. Fanaticism, as we cannot help but notice with painful frequency, is often projected onto an enemy with which, by definition, one cannot negotiate.

Open Preview See a Problem? Read it Forward Read it first. There are other important issues that have, in my view, a somewhat weaker connection to the notion of fanaticism that are nevertheless discussed by Toscano in an interesting and provocative fashion.

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Fanaticism: A brief history of the concept

This expanded edition includes new material that revisits the idea of fanaticism as it operates at the limits of the liberal political imaginary, highlighting its relation to fraternal violence, political purity and the refusal of compromise, as well as its centrality to times of social crisis and international conflict.

It is therefore on the basis of his theory of fanaticism as abstract and negative subjectivity that Hegel ends up revitalizing Orientalist discourse: Nevertheless, Toscano offers no analysis of social structures, which under various conditions may push particular class groupings towards certain kinds of political conduct. Aug 29, Pages Buy.

Toscano shows how the critique of Hobsbawm plays an important role in subaltern studies in India.

Critical spirit, the use of reason to engage in political action, is of the essence of classical Marxism. The principal political tasks posed by political Islam are fanaticiem, as some liberals and former leftists would have it, the defense of the liberal Enlightenment against fanaticism and unreason.

Instead, in a radical new interpretation, he places the fanatic at the very heart of politics, arguing that historical and revolutionary transformations require a new understanding of his role. While the Other of the Protestant discourse is represented by the peasant in revolt, the Enlightenment, which is often and rightly defined in large part as a battle against religious fanaticism, suggests other, equally ambiguous figures of the fanatic.

Irteza Binte-farid rated it liked it Aug 05, Francesco Tenaglia rated it liked it Feb 17, These are formed by emanations from those explicit constitutional guarantees that help give them life and substance, and from which the right of privacy can be inferred. Moreover, for Kant, fanaticism was immanent in human rationality itself. However, that does not mean they can guide and determine political action. Published May 4th by Verso first published November 15th We could borrow Justice William O.

As demonstrated by recent historical research, that which presented itself largely as an articulated movement — with specific institutional and constitutional demands the maintenance of the peasant assemblies, the alleviation of levies and taxes — and which used the religious discourse the Gospel in minimalist and pragmatic terms, is depicted by its detractors in order to better justify an unsparing repression as a theological aberration, a disease of the spirit.

We could similarly say that the notion of fanaticism exists within a penumbra emanating from other important and far more precise concepts. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. This controversial topic has helped to shape the conflicting intellectual traditions that have emerged from within Marxism and other forms of leftism.

The meaning of fanaticism | International Socialist Review

What is the political core of the Kantian discourse on fanaticism? About Fanaticism The idea of fanaticism as a deviant or extreme variant of an already irrational set of religious beliefs is today invoked by the West in order to demonize and psychologize any non-liberal politics. Toscano builds on the theoretical rejuvenation of radical thought effected by Zizek and Badiou, which he combines with meticulous intellectual history.

Toscano shows the close association between the conservative attack on abstraction and fanatciism indictment of radical political thought.

Laura rated it really liked it Aug 08, James, in his classic work on the Haitian Revolution reflected on the danger of vengeance:. Or better, in the Hegelian discourse on fanaticism there is a strange short circuit between an exquisitely immanent moment of the European spirit and the appearance of its non-European and ahistorical Other.

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